WASTE PLASTIC TECHNOLOGY

Tuesday, March 11, 2014

Waste Plastic Technology Korea Leads the Way!

Emissions less than Natural Gas!
Reduce Plastic Waste. Alternate Fuel



 
Plastic reduced to Pellets creating fuel source for unique patented burner/boiler.

Saturday, March 08, 2014

NOW A REALITY! Unique Patented Burner.


GR Technologies Co.Ltd.,
#201 Samsung Anytel Bldg, 837-17 Yeoksam-dong,
Kangnam-Gu,
Seoul,Korea. Tel : 82-2-3452-9159 Fax:82-2-3452-2029
wasteplastictechnology@hotmail.com  williambang77@gmail.com  

Wednesday, May 09, 2012

What will YOU do about it?

Plastic in 'Great Pacific Garbage Patch' increases 100-fold
Will we correct this or let the outrage consume us?

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Thursday, March 01, 2012

burner - Waste Plastic Revolutionary Solution that works!

PENN STATE UNIVERSITY Agriculture Department
http://plasticulture.psu.edu/
williambang77@gmail.com
Revolutionary solution for the disposal of waste plastics. Check out this video. Yes a patented, 3 independent studies look at solutions to your waste plastic problems. Keep them out of landfills.


Click on > burner   VIDEO

Tuesday, February 02, 2010

Waste Plastic Burner 2010




World's Cleanest Plastics Burn? Probably.




Thursday, December 03, 2009

GR-TECH Boiler Statistics 1

Below are some specifications for the PENN STATE Agricultural Program.

Preheat fuel: 1.5 liters (0.4 gal.) kerosene or fuel oil for 10-15 minutes.
Fuel: For 20 seconds after preheat, burner dual-fuels with kerosene and plastic, then plastic thereafter indefinitely.
Pellet types: Burns polyethylene (#2, #4) or polypropylene (#5). Note: Polystyrene (#6) & ABS pellets require a 50% barrel length increase, currently not available.
Plastic fuel feed rate range: 9-15 kg/hr. (20 - 33 lb/hr.)
Current plastic fuel feed rate: 13 kg/hr. (29 lb/hr.)
Dioxin (PCDD/F) emissions: 0.119 ng-TEQ/sm3 @ 12% O2 as confirmed by Korea Testing Laboratory (Note: US EPA allows 5.0 ng-TEQ/sm3)
Boiler type: Circulating hot water
Rated capacity: 100,000 kcal/hr.(396,850 Btu/hr.) on 9 kg/hr.(19.8 lb/hr.) with 11,500 kcal/kg (20,686 Btu/lb) plastic fuel pellets
Thermal efficiency: 75%. At 150 oF water, thermal efficiency goes to 89%
Combustion chamber operating temperature: 900-1100 oC (1652-2012 oF)
Boiler cut-in temperature: 60 oC (140 oF)
Boiler cut-out temperature: 80 oC (176 oF)
Boiler heating cycle: 5 hrs. comprised of 2 hrs. burning & 3 hrs. circulating
Boiler heating rate: 1 ton water requires 45 minutes heating time (entire heating system will hold 3 tons water with 2 hours heating time)
Power needs: 4 kW@ 110 vac with 208 vac for vacuum fuel supply
Future boiler sized for Plastofuel: 2,000,000 kcal / hr. (7,937,000 Btu / hr.)

Avg flue gas temp.: 151 C
Avg flue gas flow rate: 5.1 m/sec

GR-Tech Burner Statistics 2

Energy Recovery from Waste Plastics
Horticulture Research Farm Field Day Notes
PENN STATE UNIVERSITY - AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE Program.
JWG 8/04

1. Plastic-derived fuel (PDF)

Cost to produce pellets: $0.08–0.11/lb.or $160-220/ton ($0.18-0.24/kg)

Cost to purchase pellets: $0.14-0.16/lb.or $280-320/ton ($0.30-0.35/kg)

Rule of thumb:
Plastic densification costs 2X cost to landfill.

2. The Boiler

Manufacturer: GR Technologies Company, Ltd., Seoul, Korea
Boiler type: Circulating hot water (not steam)
Dioxin (PCDD/F) emissions: 0.119 ng-TEQ/sm3 @ 12% O2 (US EPA allows 5.0 ng-TEQ/sm3) as confirmed by Korea Testing Laboratory
Projected unit cost: $17,000
Preheat: 1.5 liters/ 10 minutes with kerosene or diesel fuel for 15 minutes. Kerosene + plastic runs+ for 20 seconds together, then totally plastic thereafter.
Combustion chamber: Burns PE or PP; PS & ABS require 50% barrel length increase
Rated capacity: 100,000 kcal/hr.(396,850 Btu/hr.) on 9 kg/hr.(19.8 lb/hr.) with 11,500kcal/kg (20,686 Btu/lb) plastic fuel pellets
Plastic fuel feed rate range: 9-15kg/hr.
Current plastic fuel feed rate: 13 kg/hr. (28.6 lb/hr.)
Thermal efficiency: 75%; at 150oF water, thermal efficiency goes to 89%
Combustion chamber: 900-1100oC (1652-2012oF)
Boiler cut-in temperature: 60oC (140oF)
Boiler cut-out temperature: 80oC (176oF)
Boiler heating cycle: 5 hrs. comprised of 2 hrs. burning & 3 hrs. circulating
Boiler heating rate: 1 ton water requires 45 minutes heating time (entire heating system will hold 3 tons water with 2 hours heating time)
Power needs: 4 kW@ 110 vac with 208 vac for vacuum fuel supply
Future boiler: 2,000,000 kcal / hr. (7,937,000 Btu / hr.)
Korean contact: Mr. William Bang, GR Technologies Company, Ltd., 201, Samsung Anytel Building, 837-17 Yeoksam-dong, Kangnamgu, Seoul,135-937, Korea
[Ph: 82-2-3452-9159; Em:williambang77@gmail.com ]
U.S. Contact: Mr. James W.Garthe, Penn State Univ., Dept. of Agricultural & Biological Engineering, 246 Agricultural Engineering Building, University Park, PA 16802
[Ph: 814.865.7154; Em: jwg10@psu.edu]

Thursday, March 19, 2009

Pacific Ocean Toilet! When will it stop?



Pacific Ocean. Plastic garbage so thick, so large an area. A dead zone, deadly, ominous, growing. Plastic makes up a huge percentage of the cess pool searing our precious oceans. This state size patch is located off Hawaii between North/South America and the beautiful tradewind Islands.
Out of site - Out of mind.

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Sunday, December 21, 2008

WASTE PLASTIC BURNER - WINS GOLD!

Sunday, October 26, 2008

BREAK THROUGH POWER - QUANTUM PHYSICS

OF COURSE - This Blog is about Waste Plastic Technology!
The Blog is also about ALTERNATIVE ENERGY
Here we begin to explore reuse of plastics for energy as well as point to theories and realities with respect to alternative thinking about energy itself. We will explore Quantum Physics in more depth down the road but will begin with an introduction -

What is Quantum Physics?

Quantum physics is a branch of science that deals with discrete, indivisible units of energy called quanta as described by the Quantum Theory. There are five main ideas represented in Quantum Theory:
Energy is not continuous, but comes in small but discrete units.
The elementary particles behave both like particles and like waves.
The movement of these particles is inherently random.
It is physically impossible to know both the position and the momentum of a particle at the same time. The more precisely one is known, the less precise the measurement of the other is.
The atomic world is nothing like the world we live in.


While at a glance this may seem like just another phantom theory, it contains numerous clues as to the fundamental nature of the universe and is more important than even relativity in the grand scheme of things (if any one thing at that level could be said to be more important then anything else). Furthermore, it describes the nature of the universe as being much different then the world we see. As Niels Bohr said, "Anyone who is not shocked by quantum theory has not understood it. Niels Bohr, who worked in Copenhagen when he presented what is now known as the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum theory, the particle is what you measure it to be. When it looks like a particle, it is a particle. When it looks like a wave, it is a wave. Furthermore, it is meaningless to ascribe any properties or even existence to anything that has not been measured. Bohr is basically saying that nothing is real unless it is observed.
(courtesy of Think Quest)

A lot more to come – BREAK THROUGH POWER by Jeanne Manning & Joel Garbon expresses Quantum Physics (the Quantum-Leap) where new energy inventions can and are transforming our world. Magnets are not to be discounted. It is our world and alternatives all need to be part of today's discussion regarding how our planet will evolve within it's current transition of traditional energy values. Stay tuned. Petroleum is with us and plastics too. There are solutions to landfill plastics. There are solutions to use petroleum wisely. Read on.

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Monday, October 20, 2008

Alternative Fuel From Waste Plastic In India

Is this the answer? All over the world alternative fuel derived from waste plastic is high on the agenda of scientists and environmentalists looking to take plastic and insure it does not take up land fills or being dumped in the ocean or worse. IS THIS THE ANSWER?

Fuel from plastic waste Courtesy Shyam Pandharipande

"The magic wand to convert the world's most daunting environmental problem of plastic waste into its most precious commodity, fossil fuels including diesel and petrol, is being wielded by a low profile woman scientist in India's western state of Maharashtra. Alka Zadgaonkar, who lives and works as an applied chemistry professor in the central Indian town of Nagpur, began to work her magic almost two years ago.A zero-pollution industrial process to convert non-biodegradable - and mostly non-recyclable - plastic waste into liquid hydrocarbons is quietly underway in the Butibori industrial estate, 25 km from Alka's home in Nagpur, the absolute central point of the country.The Zadgaonkars' Unique Waste Plastic Management & Research Company plant devours a whole range of plastic waste -- from discarded carry bags to mineral water bottles and broken buckets to PVC pipes, polyethylene eriophthalate (PET) bottles, even ABS (acrylonitrile butadine sterine) plastic material used in the making of computer monitors and TV sets, keyboards et al -- and converts it 100 percent into liquid hydrocarbon fuels (85 percent) and gases (15 percent). The Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) has recommended use of the Zadgaonkar liquid fuels in running agriculture pumps and boilers, as marine fuel and input feed for petro refineries, and the gaseous fuels as an in-house and industrial substitute for LPG. The world's first and so far the only continuous process industrial plant in Butibori has caught the eye of the scientific community and begun to beckon entrepreneurs to approach its close-fisted promoter with buy-up or tie-up offers. While this happens, the inventor continues to go about her modest Indian urban middle-class routine of cooking food for her family every morning and evening and teaching at the Raisoni Engineering College during the day."Invention of the process was the greatest reward of my life; why should I change my lifestyle?" asks Professor Alka Zadgaonkar, who is in her 40s, while serving her in-laws a meal.Husband Umesh offers the next bit of information - Alka is now concentrating on a method of producing solid fuel (similar to coal) from biodegradable solid waste in 24 hours flat. But the world might have to wait a while for the next revolution to happen. What's in the immediate offing at the plant is the upscaling of its production capacity from 10,000 to 25,000 litres of liquid hydrocarbons per day and addition of a unit to convert the 15 percent gaseous output into electricity.Though the small scale industrial unit has an installed capacity to consume only 25 metric tonnes (MT) of plastic waste - present consumption is 10 MT a day - that would still leave more than 50 MT of the non-biodegradable hazard to the Nagpur Municipal Corporation (NMC) to dispose of. Clearly, the proven industrial process if replicated on a macro scale holds great promise for the country and the world at large. India's Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) estimates municipal solid waste (MSW) generation in the country to increase from the present 130,000 MT per day to a whopping 821,000 MT by 2047. The estimated requirement of land for its disposal would be 169.9 sq km by then, as against 20.2 sq km in 1997.The proportion of non-biodegradable plastic waste in the MSW, which increased from 0.69 percent in 1971-73 to 7 percent in 2003, is growing exponentially.The scenario in the most industrially developed countries is even more frightening. In Los Angeles, 90 percent of the underground space allocated for landfills has already been occupied. Indeed, the Environmental Protection Agency, UK, has found as much as 65 percent increase in the generation of waste plastic litter globally from 1997 to 2005. Given the limits of plastic recycling (output degrades after each cycle) coupled with the fact that incineration is highly expensive and can be hazardous, emitting toxic gases if not done properly, and in view of the future energy crunch, Alka decided to try for herself what several polymer scientists in the world are already experimenting with - conversion of plastic to hydrocarbon fuels. Setting up an apparatus consisting of a cylindrical stainless steel vessel, a condensing system, a receiving flask and an outlet vent apart from a pressure gauge and a timer, Alka started experimenting with the idea way back in 1995 and saw the first signs of success only after four years of nerve-wracking perseverance. The method comprised regulated anaerobic heating of a mixture of plastic waste (90 percent) and coal (10 percent) in the presence of a catalyst. With word spreading across an incredulous scientific community, Alka began to receive invitations to attend seminars and give presentations. India's scientist President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, hearing about the encomiums showered on the inventor at a national seminar invited her to a conference in 2003. He then pushed the Department of Science of Technology (DST) and the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas to verify Alka's claims. Top scientists of the IOC's R&D wing had her conversion process test-demonstrated repeatedly under different conditions before handing down a favourable certification. But what had already clinched the issue in favour of the Indian scientist was a positive search report and subsequent publication of her patent application by the Geneva based World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO). The prestigious John Willey Publications, UK, devoted one whole chapter to her invention in their latest World Polymer Series, which is considered as the highest mark of authenticity. The only scientist from India to attend the Global Plastic Environmental Conference (GPEC) - 2004 at Detroit, US, on a special invitation, Alka has been approached by the Japanese oil giant Izemitsu, the US Applied Science Inc. and Germany's Marlos Thormann Energy Solutions with tie-up offers. However, Alka and her husband are keen to keep commercial interests within India and retain control over the industrial application of her invention. Back home, industrial giant Reliance Industries has shown interest and sent two senior officers to Butibori. Discussions for a large scale plant with global engineering consultants Mott- Macdonald and Dalal Engineering Consultants are on as well.Zadgaonkar's Unique Waste Plastic Management & Research Company is running on a liberal loan from the state-run State Bank of India. "We receive an uninterrupted supply of raw material and sell the fuel in bulk to an agent who supplies it to small industrial units in the region," says Umesh Zadgaonkar. Citing statistics of crude oil consumption of 115 million MT per annum in India, 80 percent of which has to be imported at the rate of $60 per barrel and pointing out that one litre of crude oil yields only 600 ml of hydrocarbon fuel, Umesh says plastic waste converted into liquid hydrocarbons in his plant without emitting any pollutants would be a cheaper partial substitute. It would also take care of hazardous plastic waste. Coupled with the bio-diesel revolution, the plastic-waste-to-fuel process can prove to be a double-boon for humanity."

Sunday, October 19, 2008

POWER AND FUEL FROM DIRTY PLASTICS

Power and Fuel From Plastic Wastes
In Pennsylvania, the department of environmental protection doesn’t regulate emissions from combustion units with a heat-input rating less than 2.5 million British thermal units an hour (MMBtu/hr) and, therefore, units sized less than 2.5 MMBtu/hr require no permits to begin burning, or gasifying, waste plastics. Eco-Clean Burners and Shea are finishing installation of an 800,000-Btu/hr plastic-burner unit at a greenhouse called Iannetti’s Garden Centre in Burgettstown, Pa. “Here at Iannetti’s is the first place we’ve installed one of these burners,” Shea says. “We haven’t actually run it yet. We’ve been installing it all summer and now we’re waiting for some cold weather to try it out and do some heating. By next spring we should be able to tabulate the numbers and see how effective it will actually be.”

He says the system is designed to gasify 30 to 33 pounds an hour of granulated waste plastic. Catalytic Pyrolysis of Waste Plastics While interest in combusting and gasifying plastic appears to be growing, there is another route to making practical use of all the waste plastics modern society produces. Through what it calls catalytic pyrolysis, Polymer Energy LLC, a division of Northern Technologies International Corp., has developed a system to convert waste plastics into liquid hydrocarbons, coke and gas, which can then be used as boiler fuel for power generation. “The technology uses lower temperatures than gasification—significantly lower—so it’s more energy efficient to produce,” says Kathy Radosevich, business development manager with Polymer Energy. Through “random depolymerization,” or selective breaking of carbon-to-carbon bonds, in addition to feeding in proprietary catalytic additives, the reactor melts and vaporizes waste plastic in one step at temperatures between 840 and 1,020 degrees F.

The company reports that, on average, 78 percent of every pound of plastic fed into the Polymer Energy system is converted to liquid hydrocarbons, coke and gas. The resultant coke can be further processed to produce additional fuel oil.

Polymer Energy’s catalytic pyrolysis system processes polyolefins like polyethylene and polypropylene with up to 5 percent other plastic materials, plus up to 25 percent additional nonplastic waste, such as paper, glass, sand and water—making it ideal for processing municipal wastes. Radosevich says the company has already sold nearly 20 of these systems in Europe, India and Thailand.

“The interest in the United States and Canada is huge but I expect that we won’t be marketing units in North America until next year some time,” she tells Biomass Magazine. Hitherto the markets for these units outside North America have been “more conducive” mainly because higher fuel prices in places such as Europe and India have increased the desire for such alternative-fuel production units. “In the United States I’m doing preliminary testing for EPA approval, although I don’t anticipate we’ll have any problems … The only item that would be of interest to EPA that I can think of would be any type of contaminants in the ash.”

According to Polymer Energy, the output oil contains no chlorine, sulphur, nitrogen or heavy metals. Any of that material would remain in the ash, which Radosevich says would differ on an individual usage basis depending on the average makeup of the plastic-waste feedstock. “What we would do is sample the input plastic and the [post-processed] ash, and cross-check that with local requirements the community has for permit approvals,” she says. Clearly there is growing interest in doing something different with waste plastic than dumping it in landfills or the oceans.

The global community must force itself to change its present path and become truly concerned about the environment in which its descendents will be raised, for what people do today affects everyone tomorrow. Ron Kotrba is a Biomass Magazine senior writer. Reach him at rkotrba@bbiinternational.com or (701) 738-4942.

Saturday, October 18, 2008

PLASTICS - LOVE THEM AND NEED THEM?


Probably so. Plastics are indeed an integrated part of our civilization. A recent CNN report points to these points of reference. Plastics. Love them or hate them we need them. What to do with them - Use them again as an alternative fuel. Environmentalists & Politicians are not the sharpest knife in the drawer when it comes to the potential utilizing waste plastic as a fuel source is safe, energy efficient, and there is enough material to offer up an alternative fuel source. Plastic can be burned with less emissions than Natural Gas. Proven independent tests point to the myth that plastic burning is harmful. Wrong.

READ ON.... Do we need a solution? YES. Is there one? YES.
CNN Report:
"One of the most useful, durable and ubiquitous materials known to man, it permeates every sphere of human life. It protects and stores our food; it transports o ur goods; we brush our teeth with it; we can find it in our refrigerators, cars, computers and mobile phones; we can thank it for our shower curtains, our plumbing and the flooring we walk on.
In short, it's everywhere, sustaining our way of life to the extent that we struggle to imagine life without it.
We now consume around 100 million tons of plastic annually, compared to five million tons in the 1950s when American housewives were just discovering the wonders of Tupperware. To put that into perspective, one ton of plastic represents around 20,000 two-liter bottles of water or 120,000 carrier bags, according to the British Web site Waste Online.
The estimates of how many plastic bags used annually vary wildly from 500 billion to anywhere up to 1 trillion. Even taking the more conservative estimate of 500 billion still roughly translates as 1 million every minute, according to Reusablebags.com. As for plastic bottles, Earth Policy Institute estimates that in 2004 the global consumption of bottled water alone was 154 billion liters.
According to Fast Company, in any given week in the United States, 1 billion bottles of water are being moved around the country, with Americans consuming 50 billion bottles each year. Of that, a whopping 38 billion of them are being sent to landfills, while on a daily basis 60 million just get chucked away."

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Friday, October 17, 2008

AMERICA DISCOVERS NEW FUEL BURNER

Absolutely. Now! commercially available in USA. A Fuel Supply and Fuel Combustion System Now available in Pennsylvania

A novel high-temperature, plastic-fueled burner was invented in Seoul, Korea, in 1999by GR Technologies Company, Ltd. A subsidiary of GR Technologies called Eco-Clean Burners, LLC, was formed in spring 2008 in the Greater Allegheny region to market this combustion system across the United States.

Eco-Clean Burners will begin leasing units to select customers in autumn 2008. The first installation of an Eco-Clean unit is near completion at Iannetti’s Garden Center in Burgettstown, Pennsylvania.

The 800,000-Btu/hr unit is designed to heat two production greenhouses. The garden center has been a supporter of this plastic-derived fuel technology for several years and will serve as a demonstration
site.

Besides recovering energy via high-temperature combustion, providing an ample supply of plastic fuel for this venture has led to the creation of Atlas Certified Fuels, L3C. Atlas will supply plastic fuel for those customers who have leased combustion systems from Eco-Clean Burners. Atlas Certified Fuels ensures that all plastic fuels will meet rigid quality standards, thus guaranteeing the highest operating efficiency with minimal air emissions from the Eco-Clean hot-water heating systems.

Incidentally,Atlas Certified Fuels will create approximately fifteen new jobs as part of its social mission to employ disadvantaged individuals from

America does indeed discover a eco-friendly way to terminate landfill plastics to create a viable new alternative energy with GR-Tech Waste Plastic Burner.

Thursday, October 16, 2008

BURN DIRTY PLASTIC SAFELY! IT'S TRUE!

Alternative energy? Burn dirty waste plastic efficiently, safely, cost effective, and reduce heat and power costs. Reduces landfill and ocean dumping. IT'S TRUE. Here is the solution! IT'S TRUE. It is unique, patented, and commerically operating. Check it out. Plastic Waste is ALL our concern. Environmentalists paint an ugly picture of plastic destruction yet our civilization is plastic dependent. Use it wisely.

Wednesday, October 15, 2008

USING DIRTY PLASTIC AS A FUEL SOURCE!

Many may not realize that throwing away 'PLASTIC' is throwing away a ready fuel source. Plastic is primarily petroleum and burns with high efficiency. WASTE PLASTIC TECHNOLOGY has patented a unique burner that recovers fuel from dirty waste plastics. The Greenhouse Industry in Korean is commercially utilizing the unit and one farmer alone has suggested he is saving $6 Thousand a month in fuel costs. Korea has no natural resources but plenty of plastic. Accordingly the revolutionary burner is finding high interest as an alternative fuel generator. USA has been quick to see the potential and PENN STATE University has been an active research partner with respect to the creation of PLASTOFUEL an easy handling fuel nugget made from various dirty plastics. All be it a hot technology and useful in it's purpose, Countries like Canada have been caught up in the burning of wood waste as a fuel source. A poor substitute (low efficiency BTU) for alternative energy and indeed some say dangerous to the environment by removing naturally bio-degradable vegetation from the forests. Over time this removal of waste woods will harm the forest value scientists are saying. The jury is out accordingly. Waste Plastic is a menace worldwide, including Canada, and the GR Technologies Burner will find acceptance where alternative resources are scarce and particularily where landfill issues are paramount. The reduction of plastics from landfills may be the most likely motivator to adopt a clean burning plastic burner that in turn offers up both usable, cheap heat and power.

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Thursday, January 03, 2008

THE PLASTIC KILLING FIELDS

The plastic killing fields
Where do you think dirty waste plastics go?
Continents of garbage in the oceans are killing marine life and releasing poisons that enter the human food chain, Amanda Woodsreports. MSN 2007 year end article to note SO WE SHOULD CARE? When?
In one of the few places on Earth where people can rarely be found, the human race has well and truly made its mark. In the middle of the Pacific Ocean lies a floating garbage patch twice the size of Britain. A place where the water is filled with six times as much plastic as plankton. This plastic-plankton soup is entering the food chain and heading for your dinner table.
For hundreds of years, sailors and fisherman have known to avoid the area between the Equator and 50 degrees north latitude about halfway between California and Hawaii. As one of the ocean's deserts, the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre lacks the wind that sailors need to survive, as well as the nutrients to support large fish or the men who hunt them.
But 10 years ago, Captain Charles Moore took a short cut through the airless doldrums in his catamaran, Alguita, and caught sight of something that changed his life. As he looked out at what should have been a clear blue ocean, Moore saw a sea of plastic. As far as he could see, day after day, were bottles, wrappers and fragments of plastic in every colour.
Historically, the ocean's circular currents have led to accumulation of flotsam and jetsam in the subtropical high, where the waste has biodegraded with the help of marine micro-organisms. But since humans developed a material designed for durability, which can survive exposure to any bacteria, the gyre has been filling with a substance it can't get rid of. Rather than biodegrading, plastic photodegrades, breaking down in the sunlight into smaller and smaller pieces. But no matter how small it gets, it's still plastic, and causes havoc when it enters the stomachs of marine life.
Ian Kiernan, the Australian who founded Clean Up the World, started his environmental campaign 20 years ago after he became appalled by the amount of rubbish he saw on an around-the-world solo yacht race. He'll never forget the first time he saw the gyre.
"It was just filled with things like furniture, fridges, plastic containers, cigarette lighters, plastic bottles, light globes, televisions and fishing nets," Kiernan says.
"It's all so durable it floats. It's just a major problem."
He picks up an ashtray filled with worn-down coloured pieces of plastic. "This is the contents of a fleshy-footed shearwater's stomach," he says. "They go to the ocean to fish but there ain't no fish - there's plastic. They then regurgitate it down the necks of their fledglings and it kills them. After the birds decompose, the plastic gets washed back into the ocean where it can kill again. It's a form of ghost fishing, where it goes on and on."

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